Population Problem Essay

India is suffering from an increasing population. According to the 2011 census of India, The population of India was 1210 million. The rural population is 833 million and the urban population is 377 million. It was 1000 million (1 Billion) in 2001.

Essay on population problem

Population growth is one of the biggest challenges facing humanity today. With an estimated global population of over 7 billion and increasing at an alarming rate, the issue of population growth has become a major concern for many governments and individuals worldwide. In this essay, we will explore the causes and effects of population growth and look at possible solutions to this problem.

The current population of India stands at 1.43 Billion as of 2023. The Growth rate during the last decade has been 12.5%. The population of a country becomes a  massive problem when it is far more than the capacity of the country’s natural resources to maintain it. Every country has a limitation on the population so the country remains under control

India is the second-largest population in the world besides China. India’s main problem is its large and growing population. A large population by itself is not a bad thing. There are some advantages and also disadvantages of having a large population. i.e., the larger the population the greater the scope of production, manufacturing etc.

One of the primary causes of population growth is an increase in birth rates. Improved healthcare, better nutrition, and increased access to education have all contributed to higher birth rates. While these are all positive developments, they have also led to an increase in the number of people on the planet. Another factor that has contributed to population growth is increased life expectancy. People are living longer than ever before, and this means that the population is growing even faster.

The Increasing population leads to many major problems such as poverty, unemployment, natural resources etc., also the main effect of the population explosion in our country is that it affects per capita income, degradation of the environment, high cost of living, air, water and food shortage. 
The Rising population demands large expenditures on education, medical care and public health. To control the population, there must be family planning and also the use of contraceptives to avoid unwanted pregnancy. The Government has been promoting family planning methods to control the population explosion. India’s large population is certainly not a blessing as it is proving to be a curse. Family planning and birth control are the only short-term remedies to halt the rapid growth of the population. 

Despite giving greater attention to agriculture, manufacturing and production industries to maintain India’s growing population, we are facing serious problems. The Death rate is not fully under our control but the Birth rate is in our hands. The medical practices for birth control are Vasectomy and Tubectomy operations. These are the two methods of sterilization. The Vasectomy is for men and the Tubectomy is for women. India’s capacity to catch up with developed countries mainly depends on population control.

Additionally, there is a need for sustainable resource management. This includes investing in renewable energy sources, improving water management, and promoting sustainable agricultural practices. By reducing our reliance on non-renewable resources and reducing waste, we can ensure that the earth’s natural resources are available for future generations.

In conclusion, population growth is a complex problem that requires a multifaceted approach. By promoting family planning, investing in education and economic development, and sustainable resource management, we can work towards a sustainable future for all. It is essential to address the issue of population growth before it leads to irreversible damage to our planet and the quality of life for all its inhabitants.

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