Environmental pollution is an unpleasant change in the physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of the surroundings which are harmful to organisms present on the earth.
Essay on environmental pollution
A human being cannot survive without the surrounding components like plants, water, sunlight, etc., of the biosphere, organisms and factors that are interdependent around. All kind of species that are existing in which humans alone has set out in conflict with nature. Pollution can occur in various forms, including air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution.
Air pollution is the most common form of environmental pollution. It occurs when harmful substances, including gases, dust, and chemicals, are released into the air, resulting in an increase in pollution levels. The primary causes of air pollution are industrial activities, transportation, and the burning of fossil fuels. The effects of air pollution are severe and include respiratory diseases, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases. It also leads to acid rain, which damages crops and aquatic life, and global warming, which leads to climate change.
Water pollution is the second most common form of environmental pollution. It occurs when harmful substances are released into water bodies, such as lakes, rivers, and oceans. The primary causes of water pollution are industrial waste, agricultural activities, and sewage. The effects of water pollution are extensive, ranging from the death of aquatic life to the contamination of drinking water. It also leads to eutrophication, which occurs when excess nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, are released into water bodies, leading to the growth of harmful algae.
Land pollution is the third form of environmental pollution. It occurs when harmful substances, including chemicals and waste, are released into the soil, resulting in the degradation of soil quality. The primary causes of land pollution are industrial waste, agricultural activities, and improper disposal of waste. The effects of land pollution are severe and include soil erosion, deforestation, and desertification. It also leads to the contamination of groundwater, which is a significant source of drinking water.
There are several possible solutions to environmental pollution. The first solution is to reduce the use of fossil fuels, which are a primary source of air pollution. This can be achieved by promoting the use of renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind energy. The second solution is to reduce the use of pesticides and fertilizers in agriculture, which are a significant source of water pollution. This can be achieved by promoting organic farming practices. The third solution is to improve waste management practices, including recycling and proper disposal of waste, which can significantly reduce land pollution.
In conclusion, environmental pollution is a severe and complex issue that requires urgent action. The effects of pollution are severe, ranging from health hazards to climate change. Air, water, and land pollution are the most common forms of environmental pollution. To address this issue, we need to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels, promote sustainable agriculture practices, and improve waste management practices. Only by taking collective action can we ensure a sustainable future for generations to come.
Human interference with nature makes unbalance life for other organisms. Humans throw so much waste such as nuclear waste, chemical waste, etc and also humans are responsible for deforestation. Because of this, there are floods, cyclones, earthquakes, etc. happening on the earth and the ever-increasing volume of carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has resulted in the greatest ecological crisis known to mankind.
Since the beginning era of the industrial revolution, Human interference with the ecosystem has increased both in volume and intensity. In the ecosystem, all species of life such as plants and animals are interlinked with one another. Their very existence is interdependent. Any involvement with any of the living organisms will have a far-reaching disastrous effect on others. Human has massively interceded in the environment. The magnitude of the damage caused in the process has been so much tremendous that the situation has passed beyond repair.
The Humans went on cutting and removing forests for the purposes of cultivation and other needs of their own. He built huge irrigation supply systems to assure a continuous supply of water for his crops. There was a rewarding boom, but the damage caused by this has made some species go extinct. Soil erosion has been the worst result of it all. Excessive consumption of groundwater leads to salinity. It converts fertile land into wasteland.
Humans consume natural resources such as coal, oil, natural gases etc. and also other resources in day-to-day life soon going to exhaust/finish within a few centuries. The Daily waste products such as garbage and also some untreated products results in ecological imbalance. The vehicle produces so much air pollution which is harmful to every living organism to breathe. Because of this climate change has become a big issue for the world.
The Radioactivity resulting from the explosions of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere has been a big source of contamination of the Earth. The waste from nuclear tests contaminates every part of the earth’s surface and all its inhabitants. Chemical waste discharged by our factories runs into the rivers and lakes. This causes the low quality of crops which have a very little amount of nutrients and minerals.
Human uses Air conditioners, and refrigerators contain vigorous greenhouse gases known as Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) resulting in climate change. These greenhouse gases affect the ozone layer. This causes the spread of various diseases. The excessive use of insecticides and pesticides results in the concentration of harmful chemicals in plant and animal food. This affects the health of human beings and other living organisms.
The rapidly growing human population, the sharp decline in the animal population, the destruction of forests and the fast depletion of natural resources have been causing an imbalance of ecosystems in the biosphere. Therefore it becomes necessary to prevent environmental pollution through legislation. We should understand the necessity and importance of protecting our environment and become more familiar with it. We should use it in such a way that we should not only protect it but also try to maintain the balance between the various elements of the environment.